Spray-on solar Panels

A spray-on nanocrystal solar cell range.

Credit: Image thanks to St. Mary's university of Maryland

A new study from St. Mary's College of Maryland places us closer to do-it-yourself spray-on solar cellular technology - promising third-generation solar cells making use of a nanocrystal ink deposition that could make standard expensive silicon-based solar panels a thing of history.

In a 2014 research, posted when you look at the log bodily Chemistry Chemical Physics, St. Mary's College of Maryland energy expert Professor Troy Townsend introduced the first completely solution-processed all-inorganic photovoltaic technology.

While development on organic thin-film photovoltaics is quickly developing, inorganic products nonetheless keep the record for highest efficiencies that will be simply due to their broad spectral consumption and excellent electronic properties. Thinking about the taped greater efficiencies and less expensive per watt versus organic devices, combined with improved thermal and photo security of bulk-scale inorganic materials, Townsend, in the 2014 research, focused on an all-inorganic dependent construction for fabrication of a top to bottom completely solution-based solar power cell.

An important disadvantage compared to organics, however, is the fact that inorganic materials are difficult to deposit from option. To conquer this, Townsend synthesized materials in the nanoscale. Inorganic nanocrystals encased in a natural ligand layer are dissolvable in organic solvents and certainly will be deposited from solution (for example., spin-, dip-, spray-coat) whereas standard inorganic materials require a higher heat vacuum cleaner chamber. The solar products are fabricated from nanoscale particle inks associated with the light taking in layers, cadmium telluride/cadmium selenide, and metallic inks above and below. In this way, the complete computer may be constructed on non-conductive cup substrates making use of equipment you can find in your home.

The outstanding challenge dealing with the (3-5 nm) inorganic nanocrystals is the fact that they should be annealed or heated to create bigger 'bulk scale' grains (100 nm to at least one μm) so that you can produce working devices. Townsend recently teamed with Navy researchers to explore this process.

"once you spray on these nanocrystals, you need to warm all of them to make them work, " explained Townsend, "but you can not simply heat the crystals by themselves, you need to include a sintering broker and that, going back 40 years, has been cadmium chloride, a poisonous sodium found in commercial thin-film devices. Nobody has tested non-toxic choices for nanoscale ink products, and we also wished to explore the device of this sintering procedure to be able to apply less dangerous salts."

In his latest research, posted this current year within the Journal of components Chemistry the, Townsend, alongside Navy researchers, unearthed that ammonium chloride is a non-toxic, cheap viable substitute for cadmium chloride for nanocrystal solar panels. This finding emerged after testing a number of different salts. Products made utilizing ammonium chloride (that is popular in loaves of bread making) had comparable unit faculties to those fashioned with cadmium chloride, while the move away from cadmium sodium remedies alleviates issues towards environmental safe practices of existing handling techniques.

Source: www.sciencedaily.com
RELATED VIDEO
Spray-On Solar Panel Technology
Spray-On Solar Panel Technology
Spray-on Solar Panels - Science Nation
Spray-on Solar Panels - Science Nation
TechnoTalk: Spray-on Solar Panels
TechnoTalk: Spray-on Solar Panels
RELATED FACTS
Share this Post

Related posts

Solar panels to power air conditioner

Solar panels to power air conditioner

MAY 21, 2018

Air conditioning equipment Uses simply 600 watts, a few solar power panels Residence Design Discover 6/10/09 By Susan Kraemer…

Read More
Passive solar energy advantages and disadvantages

Passive solar energy advantages and disadvantages

MAY 21, 2018

Passive solar technology may be the capability or technology to use electrical energy from sunshine without needing machines…

Read More